Type 2 Diabetes, also called Adult Onset Diabetes, is the most common form of diabetes. Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose, a sugar that is a source of fuel. Normally, insulin, a hormone, helps glucose get into the body cells where it is used for energy. People with Type 2 Diabetes produce insulin, but they either do not produce enough or the insulin is not very effective in allowing glucose to get into the body's cells. As a result, glucose remains in the bloodstream. Too much sugar in the blood can make people ill and result in medical complications.
Treatment of Pre-Diabetes can return blood glucose levels back to normal and prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 Diabetes. Treatment for Pre-Diabetes includes good nutrition, weight loss, and exercise. Even a small amount of weight loss, 5-10% of the total body weight, can help. Moderate exercise, such as walking, should be done for 30 minutes each day, five days per week.